Added utf8_to_ascii for the new CAP form

Philipp Dunkel 15 years ago
parent d74d29313e
commit d4024c94f9

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2006-10-25 17:12 harryf
* README: More detail / notes
2006-10-25 15:34 harryf
* tests/index.php: Add simple unit test
2006-10-25 15:34 harryf
* utf8_to_ascii.php: Move from global to local static variable
2006-09-04 23:34 harryf
* Fix example script name
2006-09-04 23:34 harryf
* utf8_to_ascii.php: Performance optimization / re-write - elimate
string splitting with preg_match_all - most of the time was going
here - re-implement ord calculation - reduce #calls to PHP ord()
fn. Improve ab average response time for the example from ~9s to
2006-03-04 00:43 harryf
* LICENSE, README,, utf8_to_ascii.php, tests/index.php,
tests/data/utf8.txt: Initial import
2006-03-04 00:43 harryf
* LICENSE, README,, utf8_to_ascii.php, tests/index.php,
tests/data/utf8.txt: Initial revision

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US-ASCII transliterations of Unicode text
Ported Sean M. Burke's Text::Unidecode Perl module
Use is simple;
require_once '/path/to/utf8_to_ascii/utf8_to_ascii.php';
$utf8 = file_get_contents('/tmp/someutf8.txt');
$ascii = utf8_to_ascii($utf8);
Some notes;
- Make sure you provide is well-formed UTF-8!
- For European languages, it should replace Unicode character
with corresponding ascii characters and produce a readable
result. For other languages, the results will be less
meaningful - it's a "dumb" character for character replacement
True trasliteration is a little more complex than this;
- For any characters for which there's no replacement
character available, a (default) '?' will be inserted. The second
argument can be used to define an alternative replacement char
- Don't panic about all the files in the db subdirectory - they
are not all loaded at once - in fact they are only loaded if they
are needed to convert a given character (i.e. which files get
loaded depends on the input)
For a little more see;

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* US-ASCII transliterations of Unicode text
* @version $Id: utf8_to_ascii.php,v 1.1 2009/11/25 23:43:14 philipp Exp $
* @package utf8_to_ascii
if ( !defined('UTF8_TO_ASCII_DB') ) {
* US-ASCII transliterations of Unicode text
* Ported Sean M. Burke's Text::Unidecode Perl module (He did all the hard work!)
* Warning: you should only pass this well formed UTF-8!
* Be aware it works by making a copy of the input string which it appends transliterated
* characters to - it uses a PHP output buffer to do this - it means, memory use will increase,
* requiring up to the same amount again as the input string
* @see
* @param string UTF-8 string to convert
* @param string (default = ?) Character use if character unknown
* @return string US-ASCII string
* @package utf8_to_ascii
function utf8_to_ascii($str, $unknown = '?') {
# The database for transliteration stored here
static $UTF8_TO_ASCII = array();
# Variable lookups faster than accessing constants
if ( strlen($str) == 0 ) { return ''; }
$len = strlen($str);
$i = 0;
# Use an output buffer to copy the transliterated string
# This is done for performance vs. string concatenation - on my system, drops
# the average request time for the example from ~0.46ms to 0.41ms
# See
# Section "High Return Code Optimizations"
while ( $i < $len ) {
$ord = NULL;
$increment = 1;
$ord0 = ord($str{$i});
# Much nested if /else - PHP fn calls expensive, no block scope...
# 1 byte - ASCII
if ( $ord0 >= 0 && $ord0 <= 127 ) {
$ord = $ord0;
$increment = 1;
} else {
# 2 bytes
$ord1 = ord($str{$i+1});
if ( $ord0 >= 192 && $ord0 <= 223 ) {
$ord = ( $ord0 - 192 ) * 64 + ( $ord1 - 128 );
$increment = 2;
} else {
# 3 bytes
$ord2 = ord($str{$i+2});
if ( $ord0 >= 224 && $ord0 <= 239 ) {
$ord = ($ord0-224)*4096 + ($ord1-128)*64 + ($ord2-128);
$increment = 3;
} else {
# 4 bytes
$ord3 = ord($str{$i+3});
if ($ord0>=240 && $ord0<=247) {
$ord = ($ord0-240)*262144 + ($ord1-128)*4096
+ ($ord2-128)*64 + ($ord3-128);
$increment = 4;
} else {
trigger_error("utf8_to_ascii: looks like badly formed UTF-8 at byte $i");
return FALSE;
$bank = $ord >> 8;
# If we haven't used anything from this bank before, need to load it...
if ( !array_key_exists($bank, $UTF8_TO_ASCII) ) {
$bankfile = UTF8_TO_ASCII_DB. '/'. sprintf("x%02x",$bank).'.php';
if ( file_exists($bankfile) ) {
# Load the appropriate database
if ( !include $bankfile ) {
trigger_error("utf8_to_ascii: unable to load $bankfile");
} else {
# Some banks are deliberately empty
$UTF8_TO_ASCII[$bank] = array();
$newchar = $ord & 255;
if ( array_key_exists($newchar, $UTF8_TO_ASCII[$bank]) ) {
echo $UTF8_TO_ASCII[$bank][$newchar];
} else {
echo $unknown;
$i += $increment;
$str = ob_get_contents();
return $str;